Macdonell Family



The temporomandibular (tem-puh-roe-man-DIB-u-lur) joint (TMJ) acts like a sliding hinge, connecting your lower jaw to your skull just in front of your ear.

Injury to the jaw, such as a heavy blow or whiplash, can lead to temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD).

Other Causes of TMD May Include:

  •  Grinding or clenching teeth, throughout the day or while sleeping
  •  Arthritis in the joint
  •  Stress, causing tension in the jaw muscles
  •  Hyper-mobility of the joint

What Are Symptoms of TMD ?

  •  Pain or tenderness in the face, jaw, ear, neck or shoulders when speaking, chewing or opening mouth wide
  •  Difficulty fully opening your mouth
  •  Jaw getting “stuck” or “locking” in open or closed position
  •  Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw when you open/close your mouth 
  •  Tired sensation in the face
  •  Swelling or warmth in the side of your face
  •  Headaches

How Can Physiotherapy Help?

  •  Manual therapy – hands-on mobilization of the joint to help improve range of motion and ease of movement
  •  Soft tissue massage – to the jaw, face and inside of mouth to reduce muscle tension
  •  Laser or ultrasound therapy – light and sound therapy which may help to reduce inflammation in the joint
  •  Acupuncture – application of needles in specific areas in your head/face/neck to reduce symptoms/pain 
  •  Exercise – focused on improving jaw mobility, strengthening the muscles supporting jaw and facial movement and improving posture
  •  Mouth guards – may be prescribed by your dentist to minimize grinding of the teeth during the night

As everyone’s situation is unique always consult a registered health progressional to help create a management plan that’s effective and safe for you!